Software Training Institute


A Complete Overview of Azure DevOps

Overview of Azure DevOps

DevOps has opened the way for quicker and more agile software development processes by combining teams, procedures, and technology to produce an SDLC that is always changing. As a result, SDLCs are now more reliable and effective and can handle any user request, technological challenge, or market demand.

DevOps can be facilitated by various tools, including CI/CD tools, version control systems, IaC tools, artifact repositories, and monitoring tools, which are all readily accessible on the market. DevOps tools have moved to cloud solutions in response to the rising need for cloud-based technology. Teams located all over the world can use these cloud services with almost limitless scalability and effectiveness.

In this article, we’ll look at a Microsoft Azure DevOps service that provides such cloud-based DevOps services.

What is Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps is a comprehensive platform provided by Microsoft that offers a range of development tools and services. It is designed to facilitate collaboration and streamline the software development lifecycle (SDLC). Azure DevOps brings together various features and capabilities to enable teams to plan, develop, test, and deliver software more efficiently. 

You can track the development of your program and make decisions to deliver top-notch software to end customers with the aid of a tool offered by Azure DevOps. The Azure DevOps services are independent of any platform or cloud.

Azure DevOps Services

Azure DevOps Services is a comprehensive suite of cloud-based development tools and services provided by Microsoft. It offers a range of features and functionalities that enable teams to collaborate effectively, automate workflows, and deliver high-quality software products efficiently.

Azure Boards

Azure Boards provides a flexible and customizable platform for agile project management. It allows teams to plan, track, and discuss work across the entire development lifecycle. With features like Kanban boards, backlog management, and work item tracking, Azure Boards helps teams stay organized and aligned.

Azure Repos

Azure Repos offers version control and source code management capabilities. It supports both Git and Team Foundation Version Control (TFVC), allowing teams to collaborate on code development, track changes, and manage code branches effectively. Azure Repos provides robust features for code reviews, pull requests, and branch policies to ensure code quality and maintain version history.

Azure Pipelines

Azure Pipelines enables continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) by automating build, test, and deployment processes. It supports a wide range of platforms and languages, allowing teams to build, test, and deploy their applications with ease. With features like multi-stage pipelines, release gates, and environment management, Azure Pipelines streamlines the software release process and reduces manual effort.

Azure Test Plans

Azure Test Plans provides comprehensive testing tools and capabilities for manual and exploratory testing. It allows teams to plan, track, and manage their testing efforts efficiently. With features like test case management, test execution tracking, and rich reporting, Azure Test Plans help ensure software quality and facilitate collaboration between testers and developers.

Azure Artifacts

Azure Artifacts serves as a package management solution, allowing teams to create, host, and share software artifacts. It supports popular package formats like NuGet, npm, and Maven, making it easy to manage dependencies and distribute reusable components. Azure Artifacts integrates seamlessly with Azure Pipelines, enabling teams to publish and consume artifacts as part of their CI/CD workflows.

Azure DevOps: Registration

Azure DevOps registration is a quick and easy process that only needs a Microsoft account. Simply visit the official page, and then select “Start for free.”

You must fill out a few additional fields during registration, such as organization name, version control type (repo),  project name, etc.

The organization is the name of the Azure DevOps account. There may be multiple projects within the organization.

Projects give users the ability to divide projects, manage access, and keep code, tests, and pipelines inside the designated projects. A project’s version control system may be Team Foundation Server or Git, and it may be either private or public. Additionally, work item processes like Agile or Scrum can be configured for projects so that they can be managed in Azure Boards.

After completing the registration, you will receive a unique organization URL with the following notation:

https://<organization name>

By going to this URL, users can manage all of their projects and utilize the DevOps services.

Benefits of Azure DevOps

Quick Application Deployment

DevOps methodologies allow for the rapid deployment of new business processes, applications, and systems. As a result of the deployment of DevOps, business operations become more productive. Results are delivered quickly when DevOps is used. This is due to the quicker development and deployment times when team members work together on projects. From a business point of view, this might be useful because it enables businesses to deliver outcomes on time. However, this might be the benefit that an organization using the Azure DevOps platform values the most.

Enhanced Collaboration

Azure DevOps fosters collaboration among development teams, project managers, testers, and stakeholders. It provides a centralized hub for communication, enabling real-time collaboration, better visibility, and improved alignment. Teams can easily share information, track progress, and work together seamlessly, regardless of their geographical location.

Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD)

Azure DevOps automates the software release process through its robust CI/CD capabilities provided by Azure Pipelines. Teams can configure pipelines to build, test, and deploy applications across different environments. Continuous integration ensures that code changes are frequently merged and validated, while continuous delivery enables the automated release of the software. This approach reduces manual effort, minimizes errors, and enables faster time to market.

Automation Testing

Automated tests, such as compliance and security tests, are used to find issues throughout the testing phase. The full production environment can be easily configured and resources may be swiftly provisioned.

Efficient Testing and Quality Assurance

Azure DevOps includes Azure Test Plans, which offer comprehensive testing tools and capabilities. Teams can plan, track, and manage their testing efforts effectively, ensuring thorough testing coverage and high-quality software releases. With features like test case management, test execution tracking, and rich reporting, Azure Test Plans enables teams to identify and address issues early in the development process, resulting in more reliable software.

Scalability and Flexibility

Azure DevOps is a cloud-based platform, that provides scalability and flexibility to accommodate projects of varying sizes and complexities. Organizations can easily scale their DevOps processes as their development needs grow. The cloud infrastructure ensures that resources are readily available, allowing teams to focus on developing and delivering software without worrying about infrastructure management.

Customer Service and End-User Experience

If your organization can develop proprietary solutions quickly, you may provide your business customers prompt service. This shows that implementing DevOps will improve your business' capacity to serve clients. More than 70% of businesses thought that DevOps deployment enhanced client experience, according to a recent survey on the utilization of DevOps in the industry. This could be quite advantageous for the business. Enhancing customer experience and satisfaction can also result in increased earnings and revenue.

Who uses Azure DevOps?

From small startups to large enterprises, Azure DevOps provides a wide range of tools and services that streamline the software development lifecycle.

Software development teams are the primary users of Azure DevOps. Whether they are working on web applications, mobile apps, or cloud-based solutions, development teams leverage Azure DevOps to collaborate, manage source code, automate builds, and streamline the deployment process. Azure Repos and Azure Pipelines are particularly valuable components for developers, enabling them to version control their code and automate the entire CI/CD pipeline.

IT operations teams utilize Azure DevOps to ensure smooth deployment and operation of software applications. By leveraging Azure Pipelines, operations teams can automate infrastructure provisioning, configuration management, and release management. This allows them to maintain consistency, enforce governance policies, and reduce manual errors in deploying and managing software in production environments.

Quality assurance and testing teams benefit from Azure DevOps by using Azure Test Plans to manage test cases, execute test runs, and track testing progress. With Azure DevOps, they can effectively collaborate with developers, report and track bugs, and ensure comprehensive testing coverage across various platforms and configurations. Azure Test Plans provides robust testing capabilities, facilitating the delivery of high-quality software.

Project managers rely on Azure DevOps to plan, track, and manage software development projects. Azure Boards offers agile project management features, including backlog management, sprint planning, and task tracking. Project managers can gain visibility into project progress, allocate resources effectively, and monitor team performance. Azure Boards provide real-time insights, empowering project managers to make informed decisions and keep projects on track.

Azure DevOps enables cross-functional teams to collaborate and align their efforts seamlessly. With features like Kanban boards, work item tracking, and integrated communication tools, cross-functional teams can work together efficiently, sharing knowledge, and collaborating on tasks. Azure DevOps promotes transparency, fosters effective communication, and encourages collaboration among team members with different roles and skill sets.

Skills required to learn Azure DevOps

Familiarity with Agile Methodologies

Azure DevOps aligns well with Agile methodologies such as Scrum and Kanban, which promote iterative development and collaboration. Understanding Agile principles and practices, including concepts like user stories, sprints, and backlog management, is crucial.

Software Security Skills

Having a strong understanding of software security principles and practices is essential when working with Azure DevOps. Knowledge of secure coding practices, vulnerability management, threat modeling, and security testing will help you identify and mitigate potential security risks in your applications and infrastructure.

Command of Automation Technologies and Tools

Azure DevOps emphasizes automation throughout the software development lifecycle. Being proficient in automation technologies and tools such as PowerShell, Azure CLI, and Azure DevOps pipelines will allow you to automate repetitive tasks, configure infrastructure, and streamline deployment processes.

Cloud Skills

Azure DevOps operates within the Microsoft Azure cloud environment. Therefore, having a solid understanding of cloud computing concepts, Azure services, and resource management is crucial. Knowledge of Azure virtual machines, storage, networking, and security will enable you to effectively leverage the cloud capabilities provided by Azure DevOps.

Coding and Scripting Skills

Proficiency in coding and scripting languages like C#, PowerShell, Python, or JavaScript is important when working with Azure DevOps. The ability to write custom scripts, automate tasks, and develop extensions or integrations will empower you to customize and extend the functionalities of Azure DevOps to meet your specific requirements.

Azure DevOps Life-cycle

Planning and Tracking

The planning and tracking stage is the foundation of any software development project. Azure Boards, the project management tool within Azure DevOps, allows teams to define and prioritize work items, create user stories, and track tasks. Agile methodologies such as Scrum and Kanban can be utilized to manage backlogs, sprints, and work assignments. Collaborative features enable teams to communicate, assign tasks, and monitor progress, ensuring alignment and transparency throughout the project. Teams can visualize their work, track progress, and adapt plans as needed, fostering effective project management.

Continuous Integration (CI)

The continuous integration (CI) stage involves automating the build and integration of code changes. Azure Pipelines, a powerful continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) service, enables developers to define build pipelines that automatically compile, test, and validate code changes. Integration with source control systems allows triggering builds whenever new code is committed, ensuring that changes are integrated early and frequently. This stage helps identify issues early in the development process, promoting code stability and reducing integration conflicts. Automated testing, code analysis, and code quality checks can be incorporated into the CI process to maintain high-quality standards.

Continuous Deployment (CD)

Continuous Deployment involves automating the release and deployment of applications to various environments. Azure Pipelines facilitates the creation of release pipelines that automate the deployment process. Developers can define different stages, environments, and deployment strategies to ensure consistent and reliable application deployment. Integrations with infrastructure-as-code tools like Azure Resource Manager (ARM) templates or Terraform enable the provisioning and configuration of the required infrastructure along with the application deployment. Automated release pipelines reduce manual errors, ensure consistency, and enable frequent and reliable releases.

Testing and Quality Assurance

The testing and quality assurance stage focuses on ensuring the reliability and quality of the software. Azure DevOps provides a range of testing capabilities. It supports unit testing frameworks like NUnit, MSTest, or xUnit, allowing developers to write and execute automated tests. Integration testing, load testing, and UI testing frameworks such as Selenium or Appium can be utilized to validate application functionality across different scenarios. Azure Test Plans offers comprehensive test management and reporting capabilities, enabling teams to plan, track, and manage test cases and track their results. Automated testing and test-driven development (TDD) practices can be integrated into the process to catch bugs early, ensure code coverage, and deliver high-quality software.

Release Management and Deployment

The release management stage involves orchestrating the deployment of applications to different environments, such as development, testing, staging, and production. Azure DevOps provides release management features through Azure Pipelines. Release pipelines define the sequence and conditions for deploying applications, allowing teams to automate the release process while ensuring consistency and reliability. Release gates, approvals, and deployment patterns provide control and governance over the release process. Versioning, rollback mechanisms, and configuration management ensure proper release management and minimize risks associated with deployment.

Azure DevOps Service Vs Server

Feature Azure DevOps Service Azure DevOps Server
Infrastructure Management
Managed by Microsoft
Managed by organization
On-demand scalability
Scalability managed by organization
Updates and Maintenance
Automatic updates and maintenance
Manual updates and maintenance
Seamless integration with Azure services
Custom integration with existing tools/systems
Security and Compliance
Azure data center security and compliance
On-premises control for sensitive data
Limited customization options
Extensive customization and extensions
Standard and extended support available
Long-term support available
Requires internet connectivity
Suitable for air-gapped or limited internet access scenarios

Azure DevOps Pricing

Azure offers two different general price options: purchasing a user license and individual services. You are entitled to one free self-hosted CI/CD with an unlimited time limit and one free Microsoft-hosted CI/CD for each service. Azure artifacts with 2GB of storage are available for use. The cost of Microsoft-hosted jobs is about Rs. 2500, and the cost of self-hosted jobs is about Rs. 1000 after the free parallel jobs. After the free storage, you must pay a fee of about Rs. 150.

There are two plans for the user license: the Basic Plan & the Basic Plan along with Testing. The first five users can utilize the basic plan for free, which contains all the essential features. Following that, you must pay approximately Rs. 400 per user per month. However, you must pay a fee equal to about Rs. 3500 per user per month upfront for the basic plan with testing.


The future of Azure DevOps and the engineers skilled in DevOps will be fantastic as real applications of DevOps grow every day. With DevOps, though, a lot of things would change and get better. One of the primary characteristics would be that software would be heavily built and operated from the cloud itself, which might bring about a significant change in the DevOps industry! Therefore, picking your Azure DevOps organization is crucial.